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Call # KF3775 .P83 2010
Title Public health law and ethics : a reader / edited by Lawrence O. Gostin
Imprint Berkeley : University of California Press ; New York : Milbank Memorial Fund, c2010
Edition Rev. and updated 2nd ed
Book Cover
 WMS STACKS  KF3775 .P83 2010    AVAILABLE
 WMS STACKS  KF3775 .P83 2010 c.2  AVAILABLE
 WMS STACKS  KF3775 .P83 2010 c.3  AVAILABLE
 SPEC COLL  Faculty publication    NOT AVAILABLE


Descript. xxix, 564 p. : ill., maps ; 23 cm
Series California/Milbank books on health and the public ; 4
Summary/Abstract "Now revised and expanded to cover today's most pressing health threats, Public Health Law and Ethics probes the legal and ethical issues at the heart of public health through an incisive selection of government reports, scholarly articles, and relevant court cases. Companion to the internationally acclaimed text Public Health Law: Power, Duty, Restraint, this reader can also be used as a stand-alone resource for students, practitioners, scholars, and teachers. It encompasses global issues that have changed the shape of public health in recent years, including anthrax, SARS, pandemic flu, biosecurity, emergency preparedness, and the transition from infectious to chronic diseases caused by lifestyle changes in eating and physical activity. In addition to covering these new arenas, it includes discussion of classic legal and ethical tensions inherent in public health practice, such as how best to balance the police power of the state and individual autonomy."--BOOK JACKET
Note Includes bibliographical references and index
Subject Public health laws -- United States
Public health -- Moral and ethical aspects
Alt Author Gostin, Lawrence O. (Lawrence Ogalthorpe)
Milbank Memorial Fund
OCLC # 449860792
Table of Contents
 List of Illustrations 
 List of Tables 
 List of Boxes 
 Foreword / Samuel L. Milbank 
 Conventions Used in This Book 
 Introduction: Mapping the Issues1
PART ONEFoundations of Public Health Law and Ethics 
1The Public's Health23
 Sources: Actual Causes of Death in the United States, 2000 / Ali H. Mokdad24
 Sick Individuals and Sick Populations / Geoffrey Rose29
 Community: The Neglected Tradition of Public Health / Dan Beauchamp35
 Justice is Good for Our Health / Ichiro Kawachi41
 What Does Social Justice Require for the Public's Health? Public Health Ethics and Policy Imperatives / Madison Powers46
 The Future of the Public's Health: Vision, Values, and Strategies / Rose Marie Martinez50
2Public Health Ethics59
 Sources: The National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavior Research, The Belmont Report: Ethical Principles and Guidelines for the Protection of Human Subjects of Research61
 The Genesis of Public Health Ethics / Amy L. Fairchild65
 Public Health Ethics: Mapping the Terrain / James F. Childress70
 Ethics and Public Health: Forging a Strong Relationship / Bruce Jennings75
 Supreme Court of Vermont, Bennings v. State80
 Paternalism and Its Discontents: Motorcycle Helmet Laws, Libertarian Values, and Public Health / Ronald Bayer82
 Breaking the Vicious Circle: Toward Effective Risk Regulation / Stephen Breyer86
 Risk Assessment and Comparisons: An Introduction / E. A. C. Crouch91
PART TWOThe Law and the Public's Health 
3Public Health Duties and Powers99
 Sources: Supreme Court of the United States, DeShaney v. Winnebago County Department of Social Services107
 Supreme Court of the United States, Castle Rock v. Gonzales110
 Governance, Police, and American Liberal Mythology / William J. Novak114
 Supreme Court of the United States, South Dakota v. Dole119
 Supreme Court of the United States, United States v. Lopez121
 Supreme Court of the United States, Gonzales v. Raich124
 Supreme Court of the United States, New York v. United States129
4Public Health and the Protection of Individual Rights135
 Sources: Supreme Court of the United States, Jacobson v. Massachusetts140
 Circuit Court, Northern District of California, Jew Ho v. Williamson148
 Supreme Court of the United States, City of Cleburne v. Cleburne Living Center151
 Bureau of National Affairs, Inc., Second Amendment Shields Individual Rights, Is Violated by D. C's Prohibition of Handguns158
 Supreme Court of Appeals of West Virginia, Greene v. Edwards162
5Public Health Governance: Direct Regulation for the Public's Health and Safety167
 Sources: Supreme Court of the United States, Gonzales v. Oregon171
 Supreme Court of the United States, Food and Drug Administration v. Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corp172
 New York Court of Appeals, Boreali v. Axelrod178
 Supreme Court of the United States, Massachusetts v. EPA182
 The Deregulatory State / Lawrence O. Gostin189
6Tort Law and the Public's Health: Indirect Regulation195
 Sources: Litigating for the Public Health / Stephen P. Teret198
 The New Public Health Litigation / Richard A. Daynard199
 Epidemiology and the Law: Courts and Confidence Intervals / Stephen P. Teret204
 Supreme Court of the United States, Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmceuticals, Inc208
 Galileo's Revenge: Junk Science in the Courtroom / Peter W. Huber213
 Public Health Benefits of Recent Litigation against the Tobacco Industry / Stephen P. Teret215
 Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, Pelman v. McDonald's Corp222
 The Deregulatory Effects of Preempting Tort Litigation / Lawrence O. Gostin225
7Global Health Law: Health in a Global Community233
 Sources: Why Rich Countries Should Care about the World's Least Healthy People / Lawrence O. Gostin237
 The Challenge of Global Health / Laurie Garrett241
 The New International Health Regulations: An Historic Development for International Health Regulations: An Historic Development for Intenational Law and Public Health / Lawrence O. Gostin248
 WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control: A Global "Good" for Public Health / Douglas W. Bettcher254
 Health and Human Rights / Jonathan M. Mann259
 United Nations Committee on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights, The Right to the Highest Attainable Standard of Health263
 Health Policy and the WTO / Elizabeth R. Jungman269
 Meeting the Survival Needs of the World's Least Healthy People: A Proposed Model for Global Health Governance / Lawrence O. Gostin276
PART THREEPublic Health and Civil Liberties in Conflict 
8Surveillance and Public Health Research: Privacy and the "Right to Know"285
 Sources: Public Health: Surveillance and Privacy / Amy L. Fairchild286
 Panoptic Visions and Stubborn Realities in a New Era of Privacy / James Colgrove289
 Mandatory Reporting of Diseases and Conditions by Health Care Providers and Laboratories / Sandra Roush292
 HIV Prevention and the Two Faces of Partner Notification / Kathleen E. Toomey294
 An Enhanced Approach to Distinguishing Public Health Practice from Human Subjects Research / James G. Hodge Jr.299
 Justice and Fairness in the Kennedy Krieger Institute Lead Paint Study: The Ethics of Public Health Research on Less Expensive, Less Effective Interventions / Franklin G. Miller306
 Supreme Court of the United States, Whalen v. Roe311
 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and Department of Health and Human Services, HIPAA Privacy Rule and Public Health: Guidance from CDC and the U.S. Department for Health and Human Services314
 Informational Privacy and the Public's Health: The Model State Public Health Privacy Act / Ronald O. Valdiserri316
9Health, Communication, and Behavior323
 Sources: Social Marketing in Public Health / Carol A. Bryant325
 Ethical Issues in Government-Sponsored Public Health Campaigns / Ruth R. Faden328
 Supreme Court of the United States, 44 Liquormart, Inc. v. Rhode Island338
 Supreme Court of the United States, Lorillard Tobacco Co. v. Reilly343
 Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, International Dairy Foods Association v. Amestoy350
 United States District Court for the Southern District of New York, New York State Restaurant Association v. New York City Board of Health356
10Medical Countermeasures for Epidemic Disease: Bodily Integrity365
 Sources: The Tragedy of the Commons / Garrett Hardin369
 Supreme Court of the United States, Zucht v. King376
 Supreme Court of Mississippi, Brown v. Stone380
 United States District Court for the Eastern District of Arkansas, Boone v. Boozman382
 Expansion and Backlash: Vaccination at the Turn of the Twenty-first Century / James Colgrove387
 Warrants for Screening Programs: Public Health, Legal and Ethical Frameworks / Madison Powers390
 Supreme Court of the United States, Ferguson v. City of Charleston395
 Directly Observed Therapy for Tuberculosis: History of an Idea / David Wilkinson399
 Supreme Court of Wisconsin, In re Washington401
 Expedited Partner Therapy for Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Assessing the Legal Environment / James Hodge405
11Public Health Strategies for Epidemic Disease: Association, Travel, and Liberty411
 Sources: The Early History of Quarantine: Origin of Sanitary Measures Directed against Yellow Fever / J. M. Eager413
 Supreme Court of South Carolina, Kirk v. Wyman416
 Supreme Court of Ohio, Ex parte Company418
 Supreme Court, Queens County, City of New York v. Antoinette R420
 Ethical and Legal Challenges Posed by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome: Implications for the Control of Severe Infectious Disease Threats / Amy L. Fairchild424
 Extensively Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis: An Isolation Order, Public Health Powers, and a Global Crisis / David P. Fidler429
 Who Should Get Influenza Vaccine When Not All Can? / Alan Wertheimer433
 Public Health Law in an Age of Terrorism: Rethinking Individual Rights and Common Goods / Lawrence O. Gostin436
 Public Health, and Human Rights / George J. Annas443
12Economic Liberty and the Pursuit of Public Health449
 Sources: Supreme Court of the United States, Dent v. West Virginia451
 Supreme Court of the United States, Camara v. Municipal Court of the City and County of San Francisco455
 United States District Court for the Southern District of New York, Players, Inc. v. City of New York458
 Supreme Court of New York, New York v. New St. Mark's Baths463
 Supreme Court of the United States, Lochner v. New York464
 Supreme Court of the United States, Lucas v. South Carolina Coastal Council468
 Supreme Court of the United States, Kelo v. City of New London472
PART FOURThe Future of the Public's Health 
13Concluding Reflections on the Field: Case Studies on Biosecurity, Genomics, and Obesity481
 Sources: The Looming Threat of Bioterrorism / Donald A. Henderson486
 The Evolving Infectious Disease Threat: Implications for National and Global Security / David L. Heymann493
 Genomics---a Global Public Good? / Halla Thorsteinsdottir503
 Obesity, Poverty, and the Built Environment: Challenges and Opportunity / Wendy C. Perdue510
 Selected Bibliography521
 Table of Cases545
 About the Author563