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Call # KKX70 .I57 2011
Title Introduction to Turkish law / edited by Tuğrul Ansay and Don Wallace, Jr
Imprint Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International ; Frederick, MD : Sold and distributed in North, Central and South America by Aspen Pub., c2011
Edition 6th ed
Book Cover
LOCATION CALL NO. STATUS
 INTL  KKX70 .I57 2011    AVAILABLE

Details

Descript. xxii, 273 p. ; 25 cm
Note Includes bibliographical references and index
Subject Law -- Turkey
Alt Author Ansay, Tuğrul
Wallace, Don, 1932-
OCLC # 714505370
Table of Contents
 List of Authors/Contributorsv
 List of Abbreviationsxxiii
 Prefacexxv
 Preface to the Sixth Editionxxvii
ch. 1Sources of Turkish Law / Adrian Guriz1
I.Introduction1
II.Customary Law (Orf ve Adet Hukuku)2
A.Custom in Civil Law2
1.Antiquity2
2.Continuity2
3.Popular Belief in the Rightness of a Custom3
4.State Sanction3
5.Agreement with Statutory Law4
B.Function of Customary Rules in Other Branches of the Law4
1.Criminal Rule4
2.Commercial Law4
3.International Law5
III.Legislation5
A.In General5
B.Legislation in the Turkish Legal System5
C.Main Characteristics of Legislation5
D.Hierarchy of Enacted or Written Laws6
1.Constitution (Anayasa)6
2.Codes and Statutes (Kanunlar)6
3.International Treaties (Milletlerarasι Andlasmalar)1
4.Statutory Decrees (Kanun Hukmunde Kararnameler)7
5.Regulations (Tuzukler = Nizamnameler)8
6.By-Laws (Yonetmelikler = Talimatnameler)8
E.Codes in Turkey9
F.Problem of Interpretation10
1.In General10
2.Methods of Interpretation10
a.Grammatical Interpretation10
b.Logical Interpretation11
c.Historical Interpretation11
d.Teleological Interpretation11
G.Retroactivity of Laws (Kanunlarιn Gecmise Yurumesi)12
H.Enforcement of Statutes12
I.Repeal of Statutes13
IV.Court Decisions14
A.General Considerations14
B.Precedents in Turkey14
C.Court of Cassation (Yargttay, Temyiz Mahkemesi)15
D.Council of State (Danιstay, Devlet Surasι)16
E.Court of Accounts (Sayιstay)17
F.Military Court of Cassation (Askeri Yargιtay)17
G.Court of Conflicts (Uyusmazlιk Mahkemesi)17
V.Doctrine (Books of Authority)17
 Selected Bibliography18
ch. 2Constitutional Law / Ergun Ozbudun19
I.Historical Background19
II.General Characteristics of the 1982 Constitution26
A.Nationalism31
B.Democratic State32
C.Human Rights33
D.Secularism33
E.Social State34
F.Rule of Law35
III.Legislature36
A.Structure of the TGNA36
B.Elections for the TGNA37
C.Legislative Process38
D.Control over the Executive38
E.Budgetary Powers39
IV.Executive40
A.President of the Republic40
B.Council of Ministers42
C.Law-Making Powers of the Executive44
V.Judiciary45
A.Independence of the Judiciary45
B.Constitutional Court and Judicial Review of the Constitutionality of Laws46
VI.Postscript48
 Selected Bibliography49
ch. 3Administrative Law / Sait Guran51
I.Introduction51
A.Subject Matter of Administrative Law51
B.Background52
C.Republican Era52
D.Emergence and Development of Administrative Law54
II.Basic Political and Legal Principles55
A.Legality of the Administration56
B.Rule of Law57
C.Concept of the Social State58
D.State Intervention in the Economic Field59
E.Secularism61
F.Indivisibility of Administration62
G.Unilateral Acts63
H.Judicial Review by Administrative Courts63
III.Administrative Organization64
A.Central Administration (merkezi idare)64
1.Central Departments64
2.Provincial Administration (tasra idaresi)65
B.Decentralized Administration (yerinden yonetim)66
1.Local Administrations (mahalli idareler)66
2.Functionally Decentralized Organizations (hizmetin yerinden yonetim idareleri)68
3.Public Professional Organizations (kamu kurumu niteligindeki meslek kuruluslarι)71
IV.Administrative Power72
A.Administrative Acts and Rule-Making Power72
B.Administrative Contracts73
C.Administrative Sanctions74
D.Emergency Powers74
1.State of Emergency75
2.Martial Law75
3.Judicial Review76
V.Public Personnel77
VI.Public Domain (Kamu Mallarι)79
VII.Control of Administration80
A.Non-judicial Control80
1.Control by Parliament81
2.Presidential Control82
3.Intra-Administration Control82
B.Judicial Control of Administration83
1.Basic Principles84
2.Organization of Administrative Courts85
a.Council of State85
b.Supreme Military Administrative Court86
c.Subordinate Administrative Courts86
3.Judicial Remedies87
a.Action for Annulment87
b.Full Remedy Action88
c.Plea of Unconstitutionality88
d.Recourse to the European Court of Human Rights89
 Selected Bibliography89
ch. 4Law of Persons / Tugrul Ansay91
I.General91
II.Beginning and End of Personality91
III.Registry of Personal Status (Nufus Kutugu)92
IV.Persons as Subjects of Rights; Capacity93
A.Persons as Subjects of Rights (Hak ehliyeti)93
B.Capacity to Act (Fiil ehliyeti, kullanma ehliyeti)94
1.Definition94
2.Extent of Capacity94
a.Full Capacity94
b.Full Incapacity (tarn ehliyetsizlik)95
c.Limited Capacity (mahdut, sιnιrkι ehliyet)96
V.Domicile97
A.In General97
B.Domicile of Choice97
C.Domicile by Operation of Law97
D.Rules Regarding Domicile98
VI.Names98
VII.Nationality98
VIII.Protection of Personality (Kisiligin Korunmasι)99
A.In General99
B.Protection of Personality against Others100
C.Protection of Personality against Oneself101
 Selected Bibliography102
ch. 5Legal Persons, Societies and Business Associations / Tugrul Ansay103
I.General103
II.Theories of Personality104
III.Different Types of Legal Personalities105
A.In General105
B.Associations of Persons or Dedication of a Fund to a Specified Purpose105
1.Associations of Persons105
2.Foundations (vakιflar)105
C.Public, Private and Mixed Legal Persons106
IV.Ordinary Partnership (CO., Articles 530--541)106
V.Societies106
A.General106
B.Formation107
C.Legal Capacity of Societies108
D.By-Laws (Dernek tuzugu)108
E.Organization109
1.General Assembly (Genel kurul)109
a.Powers of the General Assembly109
b.Meetings109
c.Resolutions110
2.Board of Directors110
3.Control110
F.Membership (Azalιk, uyelik)110
1.Acquisition110
2.Termination of Membership111
a.Resignation (Cιkma)111
b.Dismissal (Cιkarma)111
3.Membership Rights and Duties111
G.Income of a Society111
VI.Business Associations112
A.General Classification112
B.Persons versus Capital112
1.Business Associations where Persons are Important112
2.Business Associations where Capital Is Important113
C.Business Corporations (Anonim Sirketler)114
1.In General114
2.Formation114
3.Organization114
a.General Assembly (Umumi heyet, genel kurul)114
b.Board of Directors (Idare meclisi, yonetim kurulu)115
c.Controllers (Comptrollers; Murakιplar, denetciler)115
D.Foundations (Vakιflar)116
1.In General116
2.Formation116
3.Organization117
4.Dissolution117
 Selected Bibliography117
ch. 6Family Law / Tugrul Ansay119
I.In General119
II.Engagement120
A.Agreement to Marry120
B.Breach of Engagement121
III.Marriage122
A.In General122
B.Conditions for a Valid Marriage122
C.Celebration of Marriage123
D.Marital Life124
IV.Matrimonial Property Systems125
V.Divorce and Judicial Separation126
A.General126
B.Grounds for Divorce126
C.Role of the Judge in a Divorce Suit and Divorce through Mutual Consent127
D.Judicial Separation128
E.Legal Consequences of Divorce128
VI.Parent and Child129
A.General129
B.Creation of Parent-Child Relation129
1.Natural Relation129
a.Relation to Mother129
b.Relation to the Natural Father130
2.Adoption130
C.Parental Authority131
VII.Guardianship, Curatorship, Statutory Advisors132
A.Guardianship132
1.In General132
2.Powers and Duties of the Guardian132
B.Curatorship133
C.Statutory Advisor133
 Selected Bibliography133
ch. 7Law of Succession / Tugrul Ansay135
I.In General135
II.Intestate Succession136
A.Parentals136
B.Other Persons Who May Inherit137
1.Children Born Outside of Marriage137
2.Adopted Children (C.C., Article 500)137
3.Surviving Spouse (C.C., Article 499)137
III.Testate Succession138
A.Wills138
1.Capacity138
2.Form138
a.Authentic or Official Will (resmi vasiyetname)138
b.Holographic Will (el yazιsι ile vasiyetname) (C.C., Article 538)139
c.Oral Will (Sifahi or sozlu vasiyetname) (C.C., Article 539)139
3.Revocation of Wills (C.C., Article 542)139
4.Beneficiaries140
5.Conditions and Charges140
6.Appointment of Executor140
B.Agreement of Inheritance (C.C., Articles 527 ff.)141
IV.Reserved Portion141
A.General141
B.Reduction of Dispositions (C.C., Articles 560 ff.)142
C.Debarment from Inheritance and Loss of Inheritance Rights142
V.Transfer of Estate (Mirasιn intikali)142
A.General142
B.Universal Succession143
C.Legal Status of the Heirs Prior to the Partition of Estate143
D.Determination of Heirs144
E.Debts of the Estate144
1.Official Inventory144
2.Official Liquidation (C.C., Articles 632 ff.)145
F.Disclaimer of Inheritance145
VI.Partition and Distribution of the Estate (C.C., Articles 640 ff.)145
A.Distribution by the Heirs145
B.Distribution by the Court146
 Selected Bibliography146
ch. 8Law of Property / Tugrul Ansay147
I.In General147
II.Property148
III.Ownership148
A.Meaning of Ownership148
1.Positive Aspect149
2.Negative Aspect149
B.Ownership and Possession150
IV.Possession (Zilyetlik)150
A.Elements of Possession150
1.Physical Control150
2.Intent151
B.Acquisition of Possession151
C.Land Registry152
V.Extent of Ownership153
A.Ownership Under and Above the Land153
B.Component Part or Fixture153
C.Accessories154
VI.Participation of Several Persons in Ownership154
A.Co-ownership154
B.Joint Ownership155
VII.Acquisition of Ownership155
A.Acquisition of Movable Property155
1.Transfer of Title155
2.Original Acquisition155
B.Acquisition of Immovable Property156
VIII.Servitudes156
A.Definition156
B.Usufruct157
C.Real Servitude157
D.Mortgage157
 Selected Bibliography158
ch. 9Law of Obligations / Tugrul Ansay159
I.Contracts160
A.Definition and Classification160
1.Definition160
2.Effectiveness of Contracts160
3.New Trends161
B.Valid Agreement161
C.Capacity (Islem ehliyeti, Muamele ehliyeti)162
D.Genuineness of Assent162
1.Mistake163
2.Fraud164
3.Duress164
E.Legal Cause164
F.Legality of the Subject Matter164
1.Freedom of Contract164
2.Limitation of Freedom of Contract165
a.General Remarks165
b.Specific Limitations of the Freedom of Contract165
G.Form of Contract167
1.In General167
2.Effects of the Written Form167
a.Written Form as a Means of Proof167
b.Written Form as a Prerequisite of Validity167
H.Termination of Contracts168
II.Torts169
A.General169
B.Conditions for Torts169
1.Acts against law169
2.Damage170
3.Causal Relation170
4.Negligence170
C.Compensation171
D.Third Party Injuries171
E.Statute of Limitations (Zamanasιmι)171
III.Unjust Enrichment172
A.General172
B.Conditions172
C.Statute of Limitations172
 Selected Bibliography172
ch. 10Criminal Law / R. Murat Onok175
I.Introduction and General Information175
A.Function and Purpose of Penal Law175
B.Fundamental Principles Governing Turkish Penal Law176
1.Rule of Law (Hukuk Devleti Ilkesi)176
2.Humanism (Insancιllιk)176
3.Principle of Legality (No Crime or Punishment without Law, Kanunsuz Suc ve Ceza olmaz, Nullum Crimen Sine Lege e Nulla Poena Sine Lege)177
4.Proportionality (Orantιlιlιk)177
5.Equality Before the Law (Kanun Onunde Esitlik)178
6.No Punishment Without Guilt (Kusur Ilkesi, Nullum Crimen Sine Culpa)178
7.Personal Penal Responsibility (Ceza Sorumlulugunun Sahsiligi)178
C.Sources of Turkish Penal Law179
D.Scope of Application of the Turkish PC180
1.Temporal Scope of Application (Application ratione temporis, Zaman Bakιmιndan Uygulama Alanι)180
2.Territorial Scope of Application (Application ratione loci, Yer Bakιmιndan Uygulama Alanι)181
3.Personal Scope of Application (Application ratione personae, Kisi Bahmιndan Uygulama Alanι)183
E.Extradition (Iade/Geri Verme)184
II.Crime185
A.Definition of Crime and Its Elements185
B.Other Conditions Not Constituting Elements of Crimes186
C.Legal and Material Element(s of the Crime) (Kanuni Unsur/Tipe Uygun Eylem Ve Sucun Maddi Unsurlarι)187
D.Unlawfulness (Hukuka Aykιrιlιk)189
1.Scope of the Concept189
2.Grounds of Justification190
E.Moral Element(s) (Mens Rea -- Manevi Unsur (lar))191
1.In General191
2.Criminal Capacity (Kusur/Isnad yetenegi)192
a.Minority of Age192
b.Deafness/Muteness193
c.Mental Disorder193
d.Transitory/Extraneous Reasons, and Being under the Influence of Alcohol or Drugs193
3.Intent (Dolus, Kast)194
4.Negligence (Taksir)194
5.Aggravation of an Offence Due to its Consequences (Netice Sebebiyle Agιrlasan Suclar)195
6.Conditions Affecting Culpability and Unjust Provocation (Kusurlulugu Etkileyen Nedenler ve Haksιz Tahrik)195
F.Types of Manifestation of the Crime (Sucun Ozel Gorunus, Sekilleri)198
1.Attempt (Tesebbus)198
2.Participation (Istirak)200
3.Multiplicity/Aggregation of Crimes (Suclarιn Ictimaι/Birlesmesi)201
a.Compound Crime (Bilesik/Murekkep Suc)201
b.Continuous Crime (Zincirleme/Muteselsil suc)202
c.Formal Aggregation (Fikri ictima)202
III.Sanctions (Yaptιrιmlar)202
A.Types of Sanctions202
1.Imprisonment (Hapis Cezasι)203
2.Judicial Fine (Adli Para Cezasι)204
3.Reformatory/Preventive/Security Measures (Guvenlik Tedbirleri)205
B.Determination and Individualization of the Punishment (Cezanιn Belirlenmesi ve Bireysellestirilmesi)206
C.Suspending the Execution of the Sentence of Imprisonment (Hapis Cezasιnιn Ertelenmesi)207
D.Conditional Release (Kosullu Salιverilme)208
IV.Dismissal of Action (Discontinuance of Proceedings) and Setting Aside of the Punishment (Dava ve Ceza Iliskisini Dusuren Sebepler)209
A.Death of the Accused Or the Convict -- Sanιgιn veya Hukumlunun Olumu209
B.Amnesty (Genel Af) and Pardon (Ozel Af)209
C.Statute of Limitations (Zamanasιmι)209
D.Waiving the Complaint (Sikayetten Vazgecme)211
E.Advance Payment (Onodeme)211
 Selected Bibliography211
ch. 11Law of Procedure / Haluk Konuralp213
1.Introduction213
A.General213
B.Court Structure214
C.Persons Participating in the Administration of Justice215
1.Judges215
2.Court Reporters or Clerks216
3.Public Prosecutors217
4.Practising Lawyers217
5.Notary217
II.Law of Civil Procedure218
A.Commencing an Action218
1.General218
2.Ordinary Procedure218
a.Jurisdiction218
i.Competence (gorev, vazife)218
ii.Venue (yetki, salahiyet)219
b.Petition of the Case219
c.Notice of the Defendant (Tebligat)221
d.Defendant's Response (Petition of Reply, Cevap layihasι)221
e.Pre-trial Practice222
B.Evidence (Delil)223
1.Burden of Proof223
2.Means of Proof223
a.Written Instruments or Deeds223
b.Books of Account224
c.Witnesses224
d.Oath226
i.Oath Demanded by the Judge226
ii.Oath Demanded by a Litigant226
e.Expert Evidence226
3.Depositions227
4.View and Real Evidence227
C.Rendition of Judgment227
1.Final Decision227
2.Form of Judgment228
3.Effect of Judgment228
D.Appeal (Temyiz)229
1.General229
2.Questions Open on Appeal230
3.Procedure230
E.Summary Procedures230
1.Accelerated Procedures231
2.Summary Procedures for Debt Collection231
a.Ordinary Attachment Procedure231
b.Attachment Procedure for Claims Based on Commercial Papers232
F.Enforcement of Judgments232
1.Money-Judgments and Judgments for Cancellation of the Debtor's Opposition232
2.Judgments for the Recovery of Immovable Property233
3.Judgments for An Order to Perform Or Refrain from Performing An Act234
G.Law Reform234
 Selected Bibliography235
ch. 12Criminal Procedure / Feridun Yenisey237
I.Organization of Criminal Justice in Turkey237
A.Criminal Courts238
1.Courts of First Instance238
2.Courts of Higher Instances238
B.Subject Matter Jurisdiction of the Courts239
C.Venue239
D.Judge239
E.Office of the Chief Public Prosecution240
F.Police240
G.Suspect and the Accused241
H.Public Defender241
I.Victim of the Crime and the Injured Party241
J.Intervening Party242
II.Powers of the State within the Criminal Investigation242
A.Covert Investigations242
B.Powers to Stop and Check242
C.Powers to Search242
D.Powers of Seizure243
E.Power of Arrest243
F.Pre-trial Detention (Tutuklama)244
G.Warrant of Attachment (Zorla getirme kararι)244
H.Interviewing the Accused (Ifade alma)244
I.Interviewing of Witnesses245
III.Phases of the Criminal Procedure: Investigation Phase245
A.Investigation Phase245
B.Duty to Prosecute246
C.Closing of the Investigation246
D.Objection to Dropping the Prosecution247
E.Discretion in Filing a Public Claim and Suspension of Prosecution247
F.Bill of Indictment (iddianame)248
IV.Prosecution Phase (Trial)248
A.Introduction248
B.Preparation of the Trial Session248
C.Trial Session249
D.Evidence249
E.Exclusion of Evidence250
F.Conclusion of Trial, Judgment of the Court and the P̀ostponement of the Announcement of the Judgment'250
G.Enforcement of Final Judgments251
V.Ordinary Legal Remedies251
A.Objections (itiraz)251
B.Appeal on Fact and Law (istinaf)252
C.Appeal on Law (temyiz)252
VI.Extraordinary Legal Remedies253
A.Extraordinary Opposition of the Attorney General (Yargιtay cumhuriyet bassavcιsιnιn itiraz yetkisi)253
B.Reversal in Favour of the Administration of Justice (kanun yararιna bozma)253
C.Re-opening a Trial That Had Been Concluded with a Final Judgment254
 Selected Bibliography255
 Index257