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Call # KFW1275 .T46 2013
Author Temple, Hollee Schwartz
Title West Virginia legal research / Hollee Schwartz Temple
Imprint Durham, North Carolina : Carolina Academic Press, [2013]
Book Cover
 WMS REF  KFW1275 .T46 2013    LIB USE ONLY


Descript. xxiv, 154 pages : illustrations ; 22 cm
Series Legal research series
Note Includes bibliographical references and index
Subject Legal research -- West Virginia
OCLC # 846846961
Table of Contents
ch. 1 Research Process3
I.Introduction to West Virginia Legal Research3
II.Understanding the Types of Legal Authority4
III.Overview of the Research Process6
A.Start Smart: Identify Issues and Understand the Scope of Your Project6
B.Consider Your Research Path Possibilities9
C.Generate a List of Search Terms10
D.Create an Authority Chart11
E.Start by Consulting Secondary Sources that Will Lead You to Primary Authorities12
F.Use Your Authority Chart - Retrieve, Read, and Evaluate Primary Authority12
G.Confirm Validity and Currency of Sources13
H.When to Stop14
IV.Convert Your Findings to a Concise Written Product14
V.Organization of this Book15
VI.Word about Citation16
ch. 2 Researching Secondary Sources17
I.Introduction to Secondary Sources17
A.Secondary Sources as a Road Map17
B.Choosing a Secondary Source: Learn About Your Tools17
C.Updating and Citing Secondary Sources18
II.Secondary Sources and the Legal Researcher19
A.Legal Encyclopedias19
1.Using Legal Encyclopedias19
a.Michie's Jurisprudence: State Legal Encyclopedia for West Virginia19
b.National Encyclopedias21
c.American Law Reports21
2.Citing Encyclopedias as a Source of Authority21
2.Finding and Using Treatises22
C.Legal Periodicals '24 
2.Finding and Using Legal Periodicals25
3.Citing Law Review Articles as Authority26
E.Restatements (Annotated)27
III.Citing Secondary Sources28
IV.Additional Resources28
ch. 3 Researching Constitutional Law31
I.Introduction to Constitutional Law31
II.History of the West Virginia Constitution32
III.Highlights of the West Virginia Constitution34
IV.Seminal West Virginia Constitutional Law Cases36
V.Free Online Sources for the West Virginia Constitution37
VI.Print Version of the West Virginia Constitution37
VII.West Virginia Constitution on Lexis and Westlaw38
VIII.United States Constitution39
B.Free Online Sources for the United States Constitution42
C.Print Version of the United States Constitution43
D.United States Constitution on Lexis and Westlaw43
IX.Citing Constitutions43
X.Additional Resources44
ch. 4 Researching Statutory Law and Legislative History45
I.Introduction to Statutory Law45
II.Researching Statutory Law46
A.West Virginia Code47
1.Michie's West Virginia Code and Related Services47
2.West's West Virginia Code and Related Services47
B.United States Code49
III.Introduction to the Legislative Process50
A.How a West Virginia Bill Becomes a Law51
B.Records of the Legislative Process in West Virginia53
C.Steps to Compiling Legislative History for a West Virginia Statute55
1.Book Approach55
2.Online Approach57
a.West Virginia Legislature57
b.Lexis Classic and Lexis Advance58
c.Westlaw Classic and WestlawNext58
d.Bloomberg Law59
IV.Statutory and Legislative History Citation59
A.Citing Statutes59
B.Citing Legislative History60
V.Additional Resources61
ch. 5 Researching Case Law63
I.Introduction to Case Law Research63
A.Understanding Cases63
B.Note on Unpublished or Non-Precedential Opinions65
II.Understanding Court Systems65
A.West Virginia Court Structure65
2.West Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals66
b.Syllabus Points67
c.Types of Decisions Issued by the West Virginia Supreme Court68
3.Circuit Courts70
4.Magistrate Courts70
5.Municipal Court71
6.Business Court71
7.Family Court72
8.Treatment Court72
B.Federal Court Structure72
2.U.S. Supreme Court73
3.U.S. Courts of Appeals73
4.U.S. District Courts74
5.Federal Courts Operating Outside the Judicial Branch75
III.Finding Cases75
2.Introduction to Headnotes and Key Numbers77
3.Step-by-Step Guide to Using Digests79
a.Step One: Isolate a Topic and Key Number79
b.Step Two: Select the Appropriate Digest80
c.Step Three: Read Headnotes and Pull Cases81
2.Using Citators to Assess the Validity of Legal Authorities82
3.Using Citators to Find Cases85
C.Finding Case Law Via Online Searching85
1.Lexis and Westlaw85
3.Internet Research86
IV.Citing Cases87
V.Additional Resources87
ch. 6 Researching Administrative Law89
I.Introduction to Administrative Law89
II.Administrative Law and Governmental Agencies in West Virginia90
A.Administrative Rules and Rulemaking in West Virginia91
1.Rulemaking through the Standard Process91
2.Emergency Rules92
B.Contested Administrative Law Cases in West Virginia93
III.Researching West Virginia Administrative Law94
A.Sources of West Virginia Administrative Rules and Regulations94
1.West Virginia Code of State Rules94
a.Introduction to the Code of State Rules94
b.Searching for Rules in the CSR95
c.Updating the CSR95
2.West Virginia Register97
3.Executive Agency Records, Orders, Opinions, and Decisions99
a.Executive Records99
b.Attorney General Opinions99
c.Ethics Opinions100
d.Grievance Decisions100
IV.Federal Administrative Law100
B.Code of Federal Regulations101
C.Federal Register101
D.Decisions of Federal Administrative Agencies102
V.Citing Administrative Regulations102
VI.Additional Resources103
ch. 7 Rules of Court and Ethics105
I.Introduction to Court Rules105
II.West Virginia Court Rules105
A.Supreme Court Proceedings106
B.Circuit Court Proceedings106
1.Rules of Civil Procedure106
2.Rules of Criminal Procedure107
3.Rules of Evidence107
4.Trial Court Rules107
5.Rules Governing Post-Conviction Habeas Corpus Proceedings107
6.Rules of Procedure for Administrative Appeals108
7.Rules of Practice and Procedure for Minor Guardianship Proceedings108
8.Rules of Practice and Procedure for Domestic Violence Civil Proceedings108
9.Rules of Procedure for Child Abuse and Neglect Proceedings109
10.Rules of Juvenile Procedure109
C.Family Court Proceedings109
1.Rules of Practice and Procedure for Family Court109
2.Rules of Practice and Procedure for Domestic Violence Civil Proceedings110
D.Magistrate Court Proceedings110
1.Rules of Civil Procedure for Magistrate Courts of West Virginia110
2.Rules of Criminal Procedure for Magistrate Courts of West Virginia110
III.Federal Court Rules110
B.West Virginia Rules of Professional Conduct111
C.West Virginia Standards of Professional Conduct112
D.Legal Ethics Opinions113
E.Model Rules of Professional Responsibility113
V.Rules Governing Lawyers and Judges113
A.Rules for Admission to the Practice of Law113
B.Rules of Lawyer Disciplinary Procedure114
C.Code of Judicial Conduct114
D.Rules of Judicial Disciplinary Procedure114
VI.Additional Resources114
ch. 8 Practice Guides and Professional Materials Research117
II.West Virginia Continuing Legal Education117
III.Form Books118
IV.West Virginia Treatises118
V.Citing Professional Materials120
VI.Additional Resources120
ch. 9 Conducting Research Online123
II.Considerations for Conducting Research on the Internet123
III.Preparing for Successful Internet-Based Research124
IV.Suggested Online Research Sites125
A.General Legal Research Sites125
B.Government Information127
1.Federal Courts127
2.State Courts128
C.Legislation and Regulations128
D.Legal Periodicals129
E.Lower-Cost Research Services130
ch. 10 Legal Citation133
I.Purpose of Citation133
II.Citation in West Virginia134
A.West Virginia Revised Rules of Appellate Procedure134
1.Rule 21(e): Memorandum Decisions135
2.Rules 6 and 38(d): Record on Appeal and General Form and Filing Requirements135
C.ALWD Manual137
III.Case Citation137
A.Case Name137
B.Reporter and Page138
C.Jurisdiction and Court139
E.Full Citation v. Short Form Citation139
F.Syllabus Point Law140
V.Rules and Regulations142
VII.Common Mistakes143
IX.Additional Resources145