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Call # K967 .U55 2002
Author United Nations. International Law Commission
Title The International Law Commission's articles on state responsibility : introduction, text, and commentaries / [compiled by] James Crawford
Imprint Cambridge, U.K. New York : Cambridge University Press, 2002
Book Cover
 INTL REF  K967 .U55 2002    LIB USE ONLY
 INTL  K967 .U55 2002    AVAILABLE
 INTL  K967 .U55 2002 c.2  AVAILABLE


Descript. xxxiii, 387 p. ; 24 cm
Note Includes bibliographical references (p. 368-380) and index
Subject Government liability (International law)
Alt Author Crawford, James, 1948-
OCLC # 48836313
Table of Contents
 Note on sources and style 
 List of abbreviations 
 Table of cases 
 Introduction / James Crawford1
 Responsibility of States for Internationally Wrongful Acts 
Pt. 1The Internationally Wrongful Act of a State 
 Article 1Responsibility of a state for its internationally wrongful acts77
 Article 2Elements of an internationally wrongful act of a State81
 Article 3Characterization of an act of a State as internationally wrongful86
 Article 4Conduct of organs of a State94
 Article 5Conduct of persons or entities exercising elements of governmental authority100
 Article 6Conduct of organs placed at the disposal of a State by another State103
 Article 7Excess of authority or contravention of instructions106
 Article 8Conduct directed or controlled by a State110
 Article 9Conduct carried out in the absence or default of the official authorities114
 Article 10Conduct of an insurrectional or other movement116
 Article 11Conduct acknowledged and adopted by a State as its own121
 Article 12Existence of a breach of an international obligation125
 Article 13International obligation in force for a State131
 Article 14Extension in time of the breach of an international obligation135
 Article 15Breach consisting of a composite act141
 Article 16Aid or assistance in the commission of an internationally wrongful act148
 Article 17Direction and control exercised over the commission of an internationally wrongful act152
 Article 18Coercion of another State156
 Article 19Effect of this Chapter159
 Article 20Consent163
 Article 21Self-defence166
 Article 22Countermeasures in respect of an internationally wrongful act168
 Article 23Force majeure170
 Article 24Distress174
 Article 25Necessity178
 Article 26Compliance with peremptory norms187
 Article 27Consequences of invoking a circumstance precluding wrongfulness189
Pt. 2Content of the International Responsibility of a State 
 Article 28Legal consequences of an internationally wrongful act192
 Article 29Continued duty of performance194
 Article 30Cessation and non-repetition196
 Article 31Reparation201
 Article 32Irrelevance of internal law207
 Article 33Scope of international obligations set out in this Part209
 Article 34Forms of reparation211
 Article 35Restitution213
 Article 36Compensation218
 Article 37Satisfaction231
 Article 38Interest235
 Article 39Contribution to the injury240
 Article 40Application of this Chapter245
 Article 41Particular consequences of a serious breach of an obligation under this Chapter249
Pt. 3The Implementation of the International Responsibility of a State 
 Article 42Invocation of responsibility by an injured State255
 Article 43Notice of claim by an injured State261
 Article 44Admissibility of claims264
 Article 45Loss of the right to invoke responsibility266
 Article 46Plurality of injured States270
 Article 47Plurality of responsible States272
 Article 48Invocation of responsibility by a State other than an injured State276
 Article 49Object and limits of countermeasures284
 Article 50Obligations not affected by countermeasures288
 Article 51Proportionality294
 Article 52Conditions relating to resort to countermeasures297
 Article 53Termination of countermeasures301
 Article 54Measures taken by States other than an injured State302
Pt. 4General Provisions 
 Article 55Lex specialis306
 Article 56Questions of State responsibility not regulated by these articles309
 Article 57Responsibility of an international organization310
 Article 58Individual responsibility312
 Article 59Charter of the United Nations314
App. 1Drafting History315
App. 2Draft Articles on State Responsibility Provisionally Adopted by the International Law Commission on First Reading (1996)348
App. 3Table of Equivalent Articles366
 Select bibliography368